BA Justice Studies Program Learning Outcomes

Graduates will develop the theoretical and practical foundations to critically assess issues related to justice studies. Additionally, they will have in-depth knowledge of the justice system including criminal justice, human rights, advocacy, conflict resolution, and mediation. 

Critical Thinking

  • Apply a holistic and interdisciplinary approach to the field of study and practice.
  • Examine and situate one’s own personal beliefs.
  • Demonstrate openness to ideas and actions.
  • Evaluate evidence, its sources, meanings and intentions.
  • Identify, select, and sort relevant information in order to be able to describe, draw inferences, synthesize and validate that information.
  • Identify and explain the ethical dimensions of professional conduct and practice.
  • Critically reflect on the impacts and consequences of decisions and resulting actions.


  • Articulate ideas and arguments effectively in oral and written formats.
  • Demonstrate competence in interpersonal and intercultural communication skills.
  • Select and employ different communication media based on assessment of situation and context.


  • Identify and explain the core concepts and constructs of research.
  • Contribute to knowledge in the field of study or practice using systematic and recognized research design and methods.


  • Analyze and explain the Canadian legal system, its structures, processes, operational environment and its major regiments such as constitutional law, criminal law, civil law, administrative law and international law. 
  • Differentiate the attributes of comparative legal systems from a Canadian perspective, and in a global context.
  • Critique Canadian identity emerging from sources such as federalism, multiculturalism and aboriginal self-government in reference to developed/established conceptions of justice.
  • Analyze and explain public policy analysis and participate in the public policy-making process in the justice context.
  • Explain the breadth and scope of complexities in the Canadian legal environment and emerging alternatives to traditional approaches to dispute resolution such as the use of technology or alternative dispute resolution.
  • Identify conflict resolution perspectives based on theories of culture, identity and communication.
  • Apply legal philosophy to the historical development of Canadian law, legal system and public policy.

Professional Skills and Practices

  • Produce and facilitate third party conflict intervention processes including mediation, facilitation and negotiation.
  • Demonstrate the ability to learn in a team environment.
  • Demonstrate leadership in a team context.
  • Generate a research objective and produce an outcomes-based research project related to the justice, legal or public administration contexts.
  • Demonstrate professional conduct in the research and/or professional work environment based on sound legal and ethical reasoning.